SAMR: A Guide to Effective Tech Integration in Class

The SAMR framework in integrating technology in learning activities is a helpful guide in planning learning activities or designing assessment methods.

Developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura, the SAMR (Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition) offers principles that can help teachers assess the level at which the technology tools they are integrating in class can support or modify the traditional approaches of doing the activities or assessments.

Dr. Puentedura ( describes the following levels as:

SAMR Model.001

In the diagram shown, it is obvious that the “highest” or ideal level where technology becomes a transformative tool in education is when it is able to modify and redesign activities, which then gives students more opportunity to create products that would showcase their understanding of a lesson or apply the needed skills.

However, it does not also hurt when one begins to start with enhancing classroom activities through substitution or augmentation of activities done through traditional approaches. This is very much helpful to teachers who are just beginning their adventures with tech tools in class. In this way, the expectation is much realistic and within reach. This would then become a learning experience when one continues to deepen the tech integration in class.

As a 1:1 iPad teacher, I surely started from enhancing activities so that my students would be able to cope up with the new style of learning and also to give me a chance to adjust to the behavioral (classroom management) and academic responses of my students. Yet another thought also comes in. Remember that tech integration in class should always go back to the guiding principle of knowing the context of the students and the lessons. For example, if the students are capable of creating projects or accomplishing tasks because of their advance skills in technology, then they should be given the appropriate activity with the appropriate tech tools.

In another aspect, the SAMR model can also be juxtaposed with the Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy. These two models can be employed in ensuring that the learning objectives are targeted and achieved at the end of each learning activities.

For more information about the SAMR model, you may visit the web blog of the proponent:

Other websites that offer relevant information:



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